Bullfighting season in Spain runs from March to October.It is said that fighting the bull was important in ancient times when sacrificing bulls for the gods.Commoners continued to develop bullfighting on foot with smaller weapons.

The initial attack by the matador is called suerte de capote ("act of the cape"), and there are a number of fundamental "lances" or passes that matadors make; the most common being the verónica, which is the act of a matador letting his cloak trail over the bull's head as it runs past him.

Next, two picadores enter the arena, each armed with a lance or vara.

The oldest bullring in Spain is located in the southern town of Ronda, but cities like Madrid, Seville and Pamplona also have a rich bullfighting legacy and some of the largest rings in the world.

Each matador has six assistants — two picadores ("lancers") mounted on horseback, three banderilleros ("flagmen"), and a mozo de espada ("sword servant").

He also notes vision problems, unusual head movements, or if the bull favors a part of the ring called a querencia, or territory.

A bull trying to reach its querencia is often more dangerous than a bull that is attacking the cape directly.The bull enters the arena with a rosette on its back bearing the colours of the estate of its origin.In the first stage, the tercio de varas ("part of lances"), the matador observes how the bull charges as capes are thrust by the banderilleros.Spanish-style bullfighting is called a corrida de toros (literally a "running of the bulls"), tauromaquia or fiesta and is practiced in Spain, where it originates, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, as well as in parts of Southern France and Portugal.In traditional corrida, three toreros, also called matadores or, in French, toréadors, each fight two out of a total of six fighting bulls, each of which is at least four years old and weighs up to about 600 kg (1,300 lb) (with a minimum weight limit of 460 kg (1,010 lb) for the bullrings of the first degree).The picador stabs a mound of muscle (morrillo) on the bull's neck leading to the animal's first loss of blood.