Some of them have a single or double collar button" which is a dot of black hair on the neck just below the place where the head joins the neck. in the Neolithic period and when the first great civilizations were developing, the landscape of the land between the Nile Valley and the Red Sea was very different from what we see today in that forbidding and unforgiving part of the world.It is important to note here that my reference to the Sardinian is intentional. There were shrubs and trees where people used to hunt their game which included the wild ass.My husband Pete and I have been raising Miniature Donkeys here at Quarter Moon Ranch in Franklin, Texas since 1992.

We will discover later that there is ample evidence to suggest that the Miniature Donkey familiar to us today is descended from the Sardinian Donkey. This fixes the donkey in an area of green grass and thorny scrub land and not a complete desert existence as was first thought.

This picture of donkeys being hunted for meat changes at about 3000 B. where the donkey is depicted bearing burdens and being driven by man.

As slaves, the Hebrews were not allowed to own horses but they could own and breed donkeys.

According to Biblical history, it was on donkeys that Hebrews packed up their belongings and set out for the Red Sea toward the land that God had promised them in approximately 1446 B. Their journey under the leadership of Moses took 40 years through the desert.

It was donkeys that carried the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle of Jehovah.

It is natural then that the donkey would hold a sacred place in Hebrew as well as Christian tradition.The trade route called the Silk Road" was in use for thousands of years and extended for six thousand miles from the Pacific coasts of China to Alexandria in Egypt.The docile donkeys provided a good pack animal for their travels which could have taken years and required donkey changes along the route at various villages and towns for fresh healthy animals needed to complete their journey.In various moments in the life of Jesus, a donkey is by His side at birth, carrying Him as he escapes Egypt, carrying Him when he triumphantly entered Jerusalem at Passover, and most likely was at His crucifixion.It was about this same time that the Sumerians pulled their war chariots with donkeys.Greece had close ties with Alexandria in Egypt and the Greeks were great sailors and transporters of animals in the vessels of the day. Wine production is where donkeys found a role that settled them in different parts of Italy and in Europe as far as Spain.