Ele disse: "Eu sou Jesus Cristo, o seu Senhor, e quero dar-lhe uma revelação ...Espírito, para que você possa registrar a realidade dele, para dizer a toda a terra que o ... Parecia como que todo o telhado tivesse sido levantado e eu.We want to express our genuine gratitude and appreciation to several extraordinary people who – as native speakers of English – helped us with copyediting and did that pro bono: Eli Gur, our great friend from Tel Aviv, and Filip Ślipaczek, a friend but also a singularly active supporter of Polish-Jewish dialogue in Great Britain, someone who has dedicated his life to building mutual understanding between Poles and Jews and who, as a one-man orchestra, has assisted us in so many cases that it would be impossible to mention them all. We would also like to thank Vera Hannush, Michael Newman and Graham Mc Cabe who were very helpful at the last stage of preparing the book for publication and did a marvellous job working under very tight time constraints. Aleksandra Piątkowska who has been associated with the project to publish this book from its very inception and who always encouraged us and supported our efforts.

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Dorota Świderek for her dedication to the project and her readiness to help and advise us on issues we would have otherwise not known how to cope with.

Editors Warsaw, October 2011 Maciej Kozłowski Introduction Holocaust research has a special significance in Poland.

Proofreading: Oficyna Wydawnicza RYTM Layout and typeset by: Studio Graficzne Oficyny Wydawniczej RYTM [email protected] ISBN 9-514-7 Print and binding: Łódzkie Zakłady Graficzne Sp. Contents Acknowledgements ........................................................... 9 Introduction by Maciej Kozłowski ................................... Piotrków, October 1939 ..................................................................................... 15 A circular from senior SS and police commander for Warthegau, Wilhelm Koppe on the plan for the resettlement of Jews and Poles to the General Government [excerpts]. 1 of Reinhard Heydrich to the Einsatzgruppen commanders on “self-cleansing” operations and the role to be played in the same by German military and police forces [excerpts]. 2 of Reinhard Heydrich to the Einsatzgruppen commanders on involving Poles in anti-Jewish operations in newly occupied territories in eastern Poland [excerpts].

Poznań, November 1939 ......................................................... 16 A Report from Waldemar Schön, Head of the Resettlement Department of the Office of the Governor of the Warsaw District on the Purposes of the Establishment of a Ghetto in Warsaw [excerpts]. Warsaw, June 1941 ................................................ Warsaw, July 1941 ..................................................................... 22 Ban on joining auxiliary force assigned to guard barracks in labour camps for Jews, published in the underground Biuletyn Informacyjny [Information Bulletin] of the Union of Armed Struggle. 354 from the Union of Armed Struggle Chief Commander General Stefan Rowecki “Kalina” to Commander-in-Chief General Władysław Sikorski “Strażnica.” Warsaw, September, 1941 ...................................

What is more, being concerned with events unprecedented in terms of the scale of drama and horror, studying them is highly emotionally-charged.

At times, strong emotions make it difficult to judge objectively the complex wartime realities with the result that a black-and-white picture is painted instead.This is EXACTLY the kind of stuff Persephone's Dream does so often in the studio ! The lyrics are done in that John Myung Lifting Shadows Off A Dream what ....I have been a fan of Jordan's work with Dreaam Theatre and Liquid Tension ...This aspect is addressed by one of the authors, Andrzej Żbikowski, who concludes that “for every example of a negative attitude there is an example of a positive one, every generalisation made on the basis of one source can be countered by another generalisation drawing on another source.” Holocaust studies belong to a very special area of historiography.They are concerned with events which, while they may certainly be called a closed past, are close enough in that the witnesses and direct participants thereof are still among us, albeit in ever smaller numbers.Warsaw, July 1943 ..................................................................... Warsaw, September 1943 ............................................. 55 Official announcement by the Directorate of Underground Resistance on the execution of a death sentence for delivering Jews to the German police. 57 Poster – announcement by the Directorate of Underground Resistance of the execution of the first death sentence against a blackmailer of Jews. 58 Zofia Kossak, Today’s Face of the Rural Areas [excerpts]...... Interpretations ............................................................ 66 115 Grzegorz Berendt, The Price of Life: Economic Determinants of Jews’ Existence on the “Aryan” Side ..................................... Gestapo”: Denunciatory Letters to the German Authorities in Warsaw, 1940–1942 ........