The notch near the hilt, called a cho or a kauro (Turner [2740]), has various meanings: the sun and moon (symbols of Nepal), the sexual organs of Hindu gods and goddesses, a cow track (the cow being sacred to the Hindus).

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The khukuri however is far more than just a jawan's weapon :- in the hands of Nepal's large rural population the khukuri is a knife-of-all-work, serving to chop wood, slice vegetables, skin animals, cut grass and is also used in Hindu religious ceremonies. Many of the Gurkha troops are and were recruited from the (Mongoloid) hill tribes of Gurung, Magar, Limbu and Rai.

And almost everything about the khukuri means something: What we call a 'blood-gutter' is called the aunlo bal (meaning 'finger of strength').

Lieutenant Frederick Young leading a party of irregulars was surprised by a force of Gorkhas. 13 ) with stress on the first syllable -- derives from Sanskrit kshura- 'razor' [(11)Turner-3727], cognate with Greek ksuron 'razor'. Maoist attacks have claimed over 1700 lives thus far in Nepal, and disrupted the economy, partially through their dacoit style tactics.

The irregulars, upon seeing the khukuri-wielding Gorkha force, ran away, leaving the British officers to face the Gorkhas alone. From Khookree to Kukri (and all the spellings in-between). Sanskrit is an ancient Indo-European language (see chart below) in which the Hindu religions texts, such as the Vedas and Bhagavadgita, are preserved. 2001 saw a royal massacre of many of the members of the royal family, including King Birendra Shah, by Crown Prince Dipendra.

The word 'Gurkha' originates from King Prithvi Narayan Shah's 'Gorkhali' army (from the area of Gorkha, Nepal-northwest of Kathmandu), with whose help the King united Nepal into a single country between 1768-9 A. Nepal's present King, HM King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, descends from Prithvi Naryan Shah. Their purity renders it probable that they were imitated directly from a Roman prototype, since we know that Roman influence was very strong in the Deccan [the northern part of South India] in the early centuries A. Factionalism and intercine fighting amongst Prithvi Narayan's descendents lead to the Kot Massacre in 1846, during which General Jung Bahadur Rana seized power of the government and had himself proclaimed Prime Minister for life as well as assuming the title Maharajah.

Gorkha was feudal hill village in what is now western Nepal, however the 'Gorkhali' under Prithwi Narayan Shah and his successors grew so powerful that they overran the whole of the hill country from the Kashmir border in the west to kingdom of Bhutan in the east. A glossary of the construction, decoration and use of arms and armor in all countries and in all times, together with some closely related subjects. [reprinted, New York: Dover Publishing, 1999] (14) Thapa, Netra Bahadur. D., and there is no evidence to support a supposition of direct imitation from Greek instances.' [This last statement, concerning a Roman prototype for India, I cannot give credence to, since the Greeks had a long presence in the northwest of ancient India. English edition - largely revised by the author and translated by Alfred Master. The rightful royal family of Nepal, the Shahs, were reduced to virtual figureheads and cyphers. reprinted, Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar, 1980 (Bibliotheca Himalayica II.8). Ancient Indian Warfare: with special reference to the Vedic period. The buttcap of the knife is said to resemble the eye of god - always watching, ever seeing. The rings around the handle also mean something though their true significance has been lost in the mists of time. The khukuri, the national knife of Nepal, is an ancient blade-form: khukuris of five hundred years or more hang from the walls of Nepal's National Museum, dating back to the Malla period. A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language. South of the forest/jungle areas of the inner Terai, in the fertile flatlands of the Terai on the north edge of the Gangetic plain, there live a large percentage of Nepal's population - mainly Indo-Aryan speaking people. Some have suggested that khukuri design is linked to the ancient Greek kopis knife and that the form was introduced into the Indian subcontinent by Alexander's Macedonian army, which invaded north-west India in the 4th-century B. If so, then the khukuri is perhaps also linked to the ancient Egyptian kopesh blade, likely the model for the Greek kopis, as well as to the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian seax. These flatlands are the most agriculturally productive part of Nepal and thus is one of the most economically important regions. The Rise of the House of Gorkha: a study in the unification of Nepal 1768-1816. These were the first Gorkhas, fighting men from the mountain kingdom of Nepal -- Rai, Magar, Limbu, Gurung and Sunwar tribesmen. Nepali (also called Gorkhali, Parbatiya, Khaskura) is also the mother tongue of a small number of occupational castes, such as the Damai (tailors), Sarki (cobblers), Kami (blacksmiths) and Sunar (goldsmith) castes (see Bista). Calcutta: Modern Book Agency Private Ltd., 1960.(4) Hamilton, Francis Buchanan. (7) Krauskopff, Gisèle and Pamela Deuel Meyer (eds.) with Tek Bahadur Shrestha, Kurt Meyer & Tej Panjiar. Los Angeles: rusca Press & Kirtipur (Nepal): Research Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies, Tribhuvan University, 2000.