It requires examining at least 3,000 years of ancient human history using documents in vast quantities and variety written in at least ten near Eastern languages.

Its Law of Return grants the right of citizenship to any Jew who requests it.

Despite their small percentage of the world's population, Jews have significantly influenced and contributed to human progress in many fields, both historically and in modern times, including philosophy,‬, Yehudim (pl.), in origin the term for a member of the tribe of Judah or the people of the kingdom of Judah.

The growth of Yahweh-centric belief, along with a number of cultic practices, gradually gave rise to a distinct Israelite ethnic group, setting them apart from other Canaanites.

a book in the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish Tanakh.

The Twelve Tribes are described as descending from the twelve sons of Jacob.

Jacob and his family migrated to Ancient Egypt after being invited to live with Jacob's son Joseph by the Pharaoh himself.as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, consolidated their hold with the emergence of the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah.In this case, it is complicated by long standing politics and religious and cultural prejudices.The prehistory and ethnogenesis of the Jews are closely intertwined with archaeology, biology, and historical textual records, as well as religious literature and mythology.The exact world Jewish population, however, is difficult to measure.