The ages of consent vary by jurisdiction across Europe.The ages of consent are currently set between 14 and 18.

In 2014, the self-declared state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus lifted the ban on sodomy, decriminalizing homosexual sex.

Neither the European Union nor the Council of Europe have suggested any specific age of consent, and there has not been any effort so far to standardize the age across member states.

In January 1995, the Cypriot Government introduced a Bill in the Cypriot Parliament that would have abolished the ban.

Strong opposition from the Orthodox Church meant the Bill stalled when referred to the Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee.

The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age of consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was aged 14–18, while no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct; this was Section 209 of the Criminal Code.

In November 1996, an amendment was put before the Austrian Parliament to remove Section 209; but the vote ended in a draw, and the amendment failed to pass.

However, most countries in Europe now have binding legal obligations in regard to the sexual abuse of children under 18.

The Lanzarote Convention, which came into effect in 2011, obligates the countries that ratify it to criminalize certain acts concerning children under 18, such as the involvement of such children in prostitution and pornography.

Below is a discussion of the various laws dealing with this subject.